Popular Names in the Bible

Adam–  the name Adam derives from the Hebrew noun ‘ha adamah’ meaning “the ground” or “earth.”  According to Genesis in the Old Testament Adam was created from the earth by God.

Eve- Derived from the Hebrew word chawah meaning to breathe or the related word to live. Life, living, lively.  The Old Testament mother of the human race…

Adam and Eve’s first three children:

Cain: Means ‘acquired’ in Hebrew. The first son of Adam and Eve.

Abel: Hebrew name meaning breath; son, breathing spirit.

Seth: Hebrew name meaning anointed; compensation.


Old Testament Books with Name Titles (most were leaders and or prophets)

Joshua: A Hebrew name meaning Jehovah is generous. Jehovah saves. In the Old Testament Joshua was chosen to succeed Moses as leader of the Israelites for their journey to the Promised Land.

Ruth: Hebrew name meaning Companion; friend; vision of beauty. Ruth the Moabites was the great grandmother of  King David.

Samuel: A Hebrew name meaning name of God or God has heard. Samuel was the last of the ruling judges in the Old Testament. He led the Israelites during a period of domination by the Philistines, who were ultimately defeated in the battle at Mizpah.

Ezra: meaning help, helper in Hebrew. Ezra is a prophet of the Old Testament. It has been used as a given name in the English-speaking world since the Protestant Reformation. The American poet (1885-1972) was a famous bear.

Nehemiah: A Hebrew name meaning Comfort of the Lord; comforted by God. Nehemiah was a leader of the Jews who was responsible for the rebuilding of Jerusalem after the return of the Babylonian captivity.

Esther: The root  of this name possibly means star in Persian. In Spanish the name means Myrtle leaf.  In the Bible, Esther was a young Hebrew woman who married a Persian ruler  and risked her life to save her people.

Job: A Hebrew name meaning persecuted, hated. In the Old Testament Job is a righteous man who is tested by God, enduring many tragedies to remain faithful.

Isaiah: From the Hebrew meaning YAHWEH is salvation.  Salvation of the Lord. Isaiah is one of four Prophets of the Old Testament. He prophesized the coming of the Messiah Jesus Christ about 700 years before Christ’s birth.

Jeremiah: A Hebrew name meaning May Jehovah exalt. Exalted of the Lord. Jeremiah was a  major prophet. He lived to see the Babylonian destruction of Jerusalem in the  6th century BC.

Ezekiel: From the Hebrew meaning God strengthens. Ezekiel is a major prophet of the Old Testament who lived in Jerusalem until the Babylonian conquest and captivity of Israel at which time he was taken to Babylon.

Daniel: A Hebrew name meaning God is my judge. Daniel was a teenager when taken to Babylon after the destruction of Jerusalem in 607 BC. As a prophet  he served in the court of the king, rising to prominence by interpreting the king’s dreams.

Hosea:   From the Hebrew word meaning Savior. Hosea is one of the 12  minor prophets of the Old Testament. Author of the book of prophecies titled Hosea, which parallels  his relationship with his unfaithful wife and the relationship between God and his people.

Joel: From the Hebrew meaning YAHWEH is God. Joel is one of the 12 minor  prophets of the Old Testament . The book of Joel describes the plague of locusts. In England the name was first used as a Christian name after the Protestant Reformation.

Amos: A Hebrew name meaning carried. Amos was an 8th century  B.C. Old Testament prophet. The book of Amos speaks against greed, corruption and oppression of the poor.

Obadiah: From the Hebrew meaning servant of God or worshiper of Yahweh. The book of Obadiah is an oracle concerning the divine judgment of Edom and the restoration of Israel.

Jonah: In Hebrew the meaning is Dove.  In the Bible, the prophet Jonah was swallowed by a whale after God caused his ship to sink and then was tossed up onto dry land after 3 days and nights.

Micah: From Hebrew meaning who is like God? The book of Micah is a prophetic book in the Old Testament. Micah reproaches unjust leaders, defends the rights of the poor against the rich and powerful; while looking Zion under the leadership of a new Davidic monarch.

Nahum:  From the Hebrew meaning comforter. Nahum is 1 of the 12 minor prophets of the Old Testament who authored the book of Nahum which details the downfall of Nineveh is foretold.

Habakkuk:  From the Hebrew meaning  he that embraces. The theme of the book of Habakkuk is trust in the God.

Zephaniah: From the Hebrew meaning God has concealed;  God has protected; treasured by God. The book of Zephaniah  prophecied  the day of the Lord was near, that it would be a time of wrath, that it would come as judgment of sin…

Haggai: From Hebrew meaning festive, solemnity. Author of the book of Haggai  which urges the exiles returning from Babylonia to rebuild the temple in Jerusalem.

Zechariah: From the Hebrew meaning the Lord has remembered. The name of 31 persons in the Bible.  In the New Testament,  the name Zechariah, belongs to the father of John the Baptist, who was temporality made dumb because of his disbelief.

Malachi: From the Hebrew meaning my messenger or the angel. This in one of 12  minor prophets of the Old Testament which some claimed foretold the coming of Christ. In England the name came into use after the Protestant Reformation.

Other Names:

Moses: From the Hebrew meaning to pull out/draw out [of water], and the infant Moses was given this name by Pharaoh’s daughter after recuing  him from the Nile ( Exodus 2:10)


Michael: From Hebrew meaning who is  like God? This is a rhetorical question, implying no one is like God. Michael is one of the seven archangels  in Hebrew tradition and the only one identified as an archangel in the Bible

Gabriel: From the Hebrew meaning God is my strength.